Smart Transport

What will car-free cities of the future look like?

Author: Delilah-Kealy Roberts (pictured), copywriter at Mediaworks

Dense congestion in cities, dangerously poor air quality, and environmental damage ­— the excessive use of cars within cities links all of these major concerns. In February 2020, the UK announced plans to bring forward the ban on the production of new diesel and petrol cars to 2035. To many, this move may seem radical, but with the mounting pressure on governments around the world to take action against the climate crisis, urgent measures like this one are a necessity.

Motorists have come under particular scrutiny in relation to the environment. After domestic and long haul flights, single-passenger cars were found to be the mode of transport that produced the most CO2 emissions in the UK in 2019. This factor, paired with the growing concerns over damaging air quality, has resulted in many cities, including Birmingham, introducing Clean Air Zone taxes and reassessing other options.

It is likely that the UK will soon follow in the footsteps of other European cities such as Munich and Barcelona and ban the use of diesel and petrol cars in city centres. Mexico City, Paris, and Athens have also all pledges to implement such bans by 2025 and, for the sake of the environment, we couldn’t follow these actions quick enough.

So, what will these car-free cities look like? And how will these policies change our city-centre commutes?

Will the bike replace the car?

Many countries such as the Netherlands and China are already leading the way in terms of cycling infrastructure. With impending car bans and growing concerns about the environment, we can certainly see why! It has been found that making the change from a car to a bike saves 150g of CO2 per kilometre. In fact, Dutch people manage to avoid 1.41 million tonnes of CO2 each year through cycling — the equivalent to 54.4 million trees being planted.

As it stands, cycling is already a popular way for people to get around, and with many companies endorsing cycle to work schemes, this popularity is only increasing. Currently, bikes and e-bikes make up six per cent of miles travelled in cities around the world. Scientists have speculated that if bikes make up 14% of these journeys by 2050, we’d see an 11% decrease in carbon emissions.

It isn’t only worth it for the environmental impact, either. Cycling has been proven to put you at a lower risk of cancer and cardiovascular disease in comparison to commuting by car. So, for your physical, mental health, and the environment, why not consider making this switch early and get ahead of the game?

Will public transport be free?

Another viable option for car-free ‘future cities’ is free public transport. To truly kick our car habit and drastically reduce carbon emissions, countries need to offer incentives and tempting alternatives to jumping being the wheel every day. Some cities, such as Tallinn and Dunkirk, have already taken the free public transport option for a spin.

The main reason why public transport is currently failing to entice commuters is a matter of cost. When questioned why they chose to drive instead of using public transport, 39% of respondents in the UK identified ‘higher fares’ as the main reason. This comes as no surprise, as high costs have become a major limitation to current public systems all over the world. On average, a journey via bus, metro, or train will set users back £4.39 in London (decidedly the most expensive place to use public transport in the world), £4.21 in Stockholm, £3.60 in Copenhagen, £3.48 in Oslo, and £2.89 in Berlin. These costs really rack up, causing many commuters to defect to the car — even if they’re the only passenger.

Free public transport may seem like a utopian ideal, but it is a real option and has seen great success in cities such as Tallinn. Edgar Savisaar, the then Mayor of Tallinn, celebrated the scheme, saying: “First of all, citizens have more mobility options in town. Secondly, there are environmental benefits, as air quality is getting better. Thirdly, there are major improvements in the traffic flow.”

Both an increased cycling infrastructure and an improved, free (or at least cheap), public transport are set to be real contenders to the car. Both on a countrywide and on a personal level, we need to adapt and consider new modes of transport that could benefit both our finances and the environment.

If there is one thing we’ve learnt from the current state of lockdown, it’s that halting the climate crisis in its tracks is certainly possible. We’ve seen emissions drop drastically all over the world, largely due to decreased traffic on the roads. We may be facing a car-free future on the other side of this, so it’s a perfect time to invest in an electric mountain bike or consider your public transport options.

Comment as guest

Login  /  Register


No comments have been made yet.

Office Address
  • Smart Transport
    Media House
    Lynch Wood
    PE2 6EA
Join the community
  • Smart Transport is the UK's most important brand to bring together senior public policy makers and influential private sector leaders to showcase real-time solutions aligned to government policy.
  • Find out more
  • Insight


Welcome to Smart Transport

Welcome to the Smart Transport website, keeping you up-to-date with the latest news, insight and reports from policymakers and thought leaders.

The Smart Transport brand connects policy to solutions by bringing national government and local authority policymakers together with private sector organisations.

Contact Lindsay Greatbatch for more information.

© Bauer Consumer Media Ltd
Media House, Lynch Wood, Peterborough, PE2 6EA - Registered number 01176085 IPSO regulated logo


Smart Transport members

Smart Transport board members


Please note:
By submitting any material to us you are confirming that the material is your own original work or that you have permission from the copyright owner to use the material and to authorise Bauer Consumer Media to use it as described in this paragraph. You also promise that you have permission from anyone featured or
referred to in the submitted material to it being used by Bauer Consumer Media. If Bauer Consumer Media receives a claim from a copyright owner or a person
featured in any material you have sent us, we will inform that person that you have granted us permission to use the relevant material and you will be responsible for paying any amounts due to the copyright owner or featured person and/or for reimbursing Bauer Consumer Media for any losses it has suffered as a result.