The transition to carbon-neutral and zero-emission freight transport cannot happen without radical policy changes by the EU and the governments of all member states, say Europe’s truck makers.
Earlier this year, the EU adopted its first-ever CO2 standards for heavy-duty vehicles, which will apply in 2025 (-15%) and 2030 (-30%).
The CO2 targets oblige all manufacturers to focus on, and massively ramp up investments in, alternative powertrains.
Indeed, a growing offer of low- and zero-emission trucks is already available today, and many more are in the pipeline for the near future.
But truck makers at the Commercial Vehicle Board meeting of the European Automobile Manufacturers’ Association (ACEA) said the timescales involved were worrying.
“When we look at the total fleet of transport operators today, it is clear that the market will need to be completely turned around in an extremely short timeframe,” said Gerrit Marx, chairman of ACEA’s Commercial Vehicle Board and President of CNH Industrial Commercial Vehicles and Speciality.
Brand new data released by ACEA shows that 98.3% of all heavy and medium trucks (above 3.5 tonnes) on Europe’s roads today run on diesel.
Electrically-chargeable vehicles account for a negligible share of all trucks in circulation (0.01%, or one out of every 10,000 vehicles), and around 0.4% of all trucks in the EU run on natural gas.
“If we are to transform this startling picture and convince hauliers to make the switch to low- and zero-emission vehicles on a large-scale, Europe urgently needs to introduce a strong package of consistent and predictable policy measures,” Marx urged EU policy and decision-makers.
This includes for instance the rapid roll-out of dedicated charging and refuelling infrastructure for trucks and putting in place meaningful incentives to make these vehicles a commercially-viable and competitive choice for transport operators, thereby fostering fleet renewal.
The revision of the Eurovignette Directive should also allow for the differentiation of road user charges by CO2 emissions. “Member states in particular need to step up to the game in all these areas,” said Marx.
“Creating real market demand for low- and zero-emission vehicles should now be the priority. Binding sales quotas for manufacturers, on the other hand, would not do anything to encourage transport companies to purchase alternatively-powered trucks.”
He continued: “In order to create a business environment where carbon-neutral solutions are the preferred option, all stakeholders will have to work together to transform the entire value chain of transport.”
According to ACEA’s new report, ‘Vehicles in Use - Europe 2019’, there are 6.6 million trucks on the EU’s roads.
With more than 1.1 million trucks, Poland has the largest truck fleet in the EU, followed closely by Germany and Italy.
The report also shows that the EU truck fleet is ageing rapidly. Trucks are now on average 12.4 years old in the European Union, compared to 11.7 years in 2013.